COVID-19: Bats and Interferon

Why Bats Make Such Good Viral Hosts

Photo by Peter Neumann on Unsplash

Interferons as a Potential Treatment

What are interferons and how do they work?

Interferons are a family of naturally-occurring proteins that are made and secreted by cells of the immune system (for example, white blood cells, natural killer cells, fibroblasts, and epithelial cells). Three classes of interferons have been identified:

  1. beta, and
  2. gamma.

Can interferons treat COVID-19 coronavirus disease?

Interferon beta-1a, currently in use to treat multiple sclerosis, and interferon alfa-2b are both under investigation as potential treatments for people with COVID-19 coronavirus disease, the deadly respiratory pandemic caused by the SARS-nCoV-2 virus.

  • Interferon Beta 1a, specifically, activates macrophages that engulf antigens and natural killer cells (NK cells), a type of immune T-Cell.
  • Those cells are integral in the innate immune system.
  • The theory is, interferon may be able to make the immune system stronger by turning on dormant parts and directing them toward the defense against SARS-nCoV-2’s assault.
  • liver problems, and
  • psychiatric issues.

Conclusion

Clearly , eating bats should be avoided as much as possible to avoid such pandemics in future. As the world is slowly recovering from these hard times, Many countries have already claimed for the Vaccine.

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Aayushi Vaish

Aayushi Vaish

An Explorer of the Infinite Multiverse . MS - Physics , Northeastern University.